Red Fort History in English | Most Historic Place of India

Red Fort History

For all the people who love to discover what happened in the bygone time, here we’ve Red Fort History in English. Red Fort or Lal Qila is considered the most historic place in India. This astonishing monument was built in 1638 by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. This 33 meters (108 ft) tall building is located in the hearts of old Delhi. The structure is built with red stone and marble. It stands on the right bank of the Yamuna River. It was once the home of the royal family and was called “Qila-i-Mubarak” (the blessed fort). To provide shelter to the royal Mughals, the fort was built with enchanted beauty. Besides these, there are more stunning facts about Red Fort Delhi, so keep on reading.

Red Fort History

Red Fort facts

The art represented through his monument is a great example of Mughal creativity during the era of Emperor Shah Jahan. The monument comes under UNESCO World Heritage Site list, because of its importance in Indian culture and rich history.

Even after its construction, the fort had experienced many additions to enhance its beauty. This extraordinary red sandstone monument is one of the most famous attractions in India.

Most Astonishing Place Hawa Mahal History

In 1638, the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan took a very hard decision of shifting the capital of his empire from Agra to Delhi (Shahjahanabad).

In that era, the city Shahjahanabad was under construction and so was its Fort famously called the Lal Qila.

To make with utmost accuracy and incomparable design, the fort took nearly a decade to complete. It was made better than the Agra Fort to welcome the king in his newly set city.

In 1837, Bahadur Shah Zafar (last Mughal emperor) was coronated here. For around 200 years, the fort was under the Mughal empire until the British sat on the throne.

Red Fort architecture

To integrate the site with the Salimgarh Fort, the layout of Lal Qila was organized in such style. The design of this monument is a fusion of Mughal, Persian, Timurid, and Hindu style of architecture. Hall of the public audience “Diwan-i-‘Am” and the hall of private audience “Diwan-i-Khas” are the key rooms of this fort. While entering the “Diwan-i-‘Am” you’ll encounter the Naubat-Khana (Drum House). It is a massive hall with nine arche façade and ornamented alcove to keep the royal throne. It is said that Shah Jahan’s famous peacock throne was kept there before Persian Nadir Shah took it.

Taj Mahal History

The Rang Mahal (Painted palace), the Mumtaz Mahal (now a Museum), the Khas Mahal, and the Hammam (bathing area) are the famous attractions over here. Mughals were famous for their stunning gardens, Hayat-Baksh-Bagh (life-giving garden) surrounding the Red Fort, which stands as a perfect example.

The Red Fort Complex

In 2007, UNESCO declared the Red Fort Complex as the World Heritage Site. The complex includes Shah Jahan’s palace and Salimgarh Fort which was built in 1546 AD. The complex is now in the supervision of the Archeological Survey of India.

Mysore Palace History

When to visit the Red Fort?

The best time to visit the for is from November to February when the weather is pleasant in Delhi. The fort is located near Netaji Subhash Marg. You can reach there easily by boarding a metro, the nearest metro station is Chandni Chowk. You can access this monument on any weekday except Monday. Entry fee for Indians is Rs. 10 and for foreigners is Rs. 250. People also like to view sound and light show that commences at 6 pm onwards in Hindi and English. Adults can enjoy this special event at Rs. 80 and for children, you need to pay Rs. 30.

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