5 Historic Holy Places in India | Untold Stories to get Amazed

5 historic holy places in india

India is beautifully blended with diverse traditions, cultures, and religions. Being an Indian you must know about the 5 historic holy places in India that are listed over here. Know about the untold stories behind their construction and be ready to get amazed. India is a spiritual country that contains countless religious structures including temples, mosques, churches, Buddhist monasteries, and gurdwaras. Many of these religious places are several thousand years old. We all know, each religion has its own unique place to worship. Inside those places, statues of God or goddess is kept, representing the religion. However, one common thing in which we all believe is that God is one! So, let’s discover some of the best pilgrimage places in India by UNESCO that are visited by people across the globe.

List of Religious places in India

  1. Basilica of Bom Jesus, Goa

The Basilica of Bom Jesus is located in old Goa, the former capital of Portuguese India. It is a Roman Catholic basilica (major church) that is now the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The church was constructed in 1605 by the archbishop, Dom Fr. Aleixo de Menezes. This famous church in Goa is one of the oldest churches ever built in India. It is visited by countless tourists from across the world.

The church contains the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier. It is believed that the saint’s body has miraculous powers of healing. For public viewing, after every ten years (last held in 2014) his body is exposed. The body still attracts thousands of people from within and outside India. Basilica of Bom Jesus is a perfect example of baroque architecture and Portuguese Colonial architecture. It is considered as one of the Seven Wonders of Portuguese Origin in the World.

Taj Mahal History

  1. Vaishno Devi Temple, Jammu Kashmir

Vaishno Devi Temple is situated on the Trikuta Hills in Jammu. The Mata (Mother) Vaishnavi’s abode is one of the most popular pilgrimages in India. As per Hindu mythology, Goddess Vaishnavi was created from the collective energies of Goddess Parvati, Mahalakshmi, and Mahasaraswati. The Goddess was created in Treta Yuga, to destroy the wicked and tyrannical rule of the demons.

After fulfilling her purpose, she was requested to reside on Earth to forever keep the demons at bay. She chose to live as an immortal human, called Vaishnavi. Vaishno Devi Mandir is witnessing countless devotees every year since the inauguration of the Shrine Board in 1986. In the year 2018, the total number of people who were a part of the yatra was 85.87 lakhs.

Victoria Memorial in Kolkata History

  1. Sun Temple (Surya Mandir) in Konark

The Sun Temple is the masterpiece of Indian architecture. It is situated in Konark, Odisha, and was constructed in 1250 CE. The temple is dedicated to the Hindu Sun God Surya. It is attributed to King Narsimhadeva I (who defeated Muslim invaders) of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty.

The architecture of this famous temple in India includes 24 carved stone wheels. The wheels are nearly 12 feet in diameter and are pulled by seven huge horses. When people view this gorgeous temple during the dawn and sunrise from the inland, it seems to emerge from the depths of the blue sea. However, as time passed by, much of the temple is now in ruins. But it still attracts numerous people across the world with its 100-foot (30 m) high chariot.

Once the temple was over 200 feet (61 m) high. The destruction Konark Sun Temple, particularly its large shikhara tower, is still a mystery. Some people believe that the natural disaster marked the destruction of this enchanting historical pilgrimage. On the other side, some are with the view that it was attacked by Muslim armies between the 15th and 17th centuries. In 1676, the European sailor named the temple as “Black Pagoda” because its great tower appeared black. A similar reason was there behind calling Jagannath Temple in Puri, the “White Pagoda”. Both of these pilgrimage sites acted as an important landmark for the Bay of Bengal sailors. The remains of the Sun Temple that we see today was restored by the combined contribution of British India-era archaeological teams.

  1. Harmandir Sahib, Amritsar

Harmandir Sahib is famously known as the golden temple of Amritsar. It is one of the most visited historical religious places in north India. Harmandir Sahib is a religious place of Sikhs, located in Amritsar, Punjab. Irrespective of religion, hundreds of people are fed here in this temple every day. It is located amidst a beautiful lake, adding one-of-a-kind beauty to this attraction.

Most Astonishing Place Hawa Mahal History

The meaning of Harmandir Sahib is the abode of God. In 1589, after accepting the request of Guru Arjan, Sai Mir Mian Mohammed (a Muslim Pir of Lahore), led the foundation stone of the temple. Guru Arjan is the fifth guru of Sikhism. The construction of the temple started around an artificial pool that was built by the fourth Sikh Guru, Guru Ram Das in 1577. In 1604, the fifth guru, Guru Arjan placed a copy of the Adi Granth in the temple. The temple was rebuilt many times by the Sikhs after it was destroyed several times by the Mughal and Afghan armies. In 1830, Maharaja Ranjit Singh covered the shrine with gold foil, hence led to the name of Golden temple.

  1. Haji Ali Dargah, Mumbai

Haji Ali Dargah is another historical monument in India. The mosque is located in the southern part of Mumbai. This renowned mosque or dargah is dedicated to Pir Haji Ali Shah Bukhari. The tomb is a perfect example of Indo-Islamic Architecture. It was constructed in 1431 in the memory of the Sufi saint Pir Haji Ali. Pir Haji Ali Shah Bukhari was an Uzbekistan’s Sufi saint and a rich merchant. The saint gave up everything he owned before constructing the pilgrimage to Mecca.

This six-hundred-year-old mosque experienced wear and tear due to salty winds and the visit of 80,000 travelers per week. In 1960 and 1964 renovation took place to give a new shine to this age-old mosque. In October 2008, the structure was upgraded again to regain its glory. As per the reports, the dargah will be given a makeover with first and second quality white marble, which will be carried from Makrana, Rajasthan. The whole renovation will be done in two phases and will take twenty-four months for completion. In phase one, the reconstruction of the mosque and minarets is included. In phase two, the renovation of the sanitarium building is involved.

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These were the 5 Historic Holy Places in India. To get updated with more famous religious monuments in India, keep in touch with us at babylearnings.in.

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